Today in most African universities a tradition has emerged that uses a combination of course work assessment and end of semester examinations as a means of assessing student achievement. This stems partly from the fact that many of the techniques and procedure used in assessing student learning are rather technical and most teachers and lectures are often not knowledgeable about such matters. One goal of this book is to reduce the confusion about what educational assessment is and how it should be carried out. When one is appointed to lecture in the university his main pre-occupation is teaching the student. The issue is assessment of student'' performance is usually much farther away from the mind. It is only after teaching for two months that the lecturer is woken up to play a new role when he is asked to set a paper for university examinations. Teaching is a complex activity which includes proactive decision making, planning, designing and preparing teaching materials; interaction between the teacher and the learners; and protective redirection which includes evaluation, redesign and dissemination. This book is an asset to all lecturers and students in any academic Institution.