Cattle productivity depends largely on reproductive efficiency and is often measured by number of off-spring per breeding animal per unit of time. Cattle suffer to a large extent from the postpartum reproductive disorders which cause great economic losses to the dairy farmers. This is due to lack of essential minerals and vitamins, improper functioning of reproductive organs and poor follicular development in cows. Therefore treatment with different medicaments are essential to control the infertility problem besides proper feeding and health control. This book explains about various treatments including genital massage of reproductive organs on postpartum infertility problem especially postpartum anestrus in dairy cattle and its effects on biochemical profiles of blood. This book will be useful for dairy farmers, cattle breeders and scientists and will enhance reproductive performance in cost effective manner.