In recent years, thin film science has grown world-wide into a major research area. The importance of coatings and the synthesis of new materials for industry have resulted in a tremendous increase of innovative thin film processing technologies. Currently, this development goes hand-in-hand with the explosion of scientific and technological breakthroughs in microelectronics, optics and nanotechnology. There exists huge variety of thin film synthesis and technologies, which originate from purely physical or purely chemical processes. Thin films have complex structures in view of their applications, which demand tailor made properties. As a result, sophisticated characterization techniques have emerged for understanding of the multifaceted properties of thin films. Depending on the property of interest, a host of characterization tools are available for giving some times similar and more often additional and complementary information. This comprehensive text to cover the concept of synthesis and properties of thin film. The book deals with all aspects of synthesis and properties of thin films to make book quite useful for advanced studies and research.