Revision with unchanged content. The book investigates the effects of federalism and multi-level governance on tobacco control policy adoption in the United Kingdom and South Africa. It uses theories of federalism and multi-level governance, as well as policy transfer (diffusion) and interest groups politics to investigate their effects on tobacco control policy. In this exploration, the various policies that have been adopted by various governments in the two countries as well as the European Union are examined, as is the relationship between the policies adopted and international benchmarks on tobacco control. Methodologically, the book uses comparative case analyses augmented by elite interviews and secondary sources. Overall, the study argues that the various explanations have influenced the adoption of comprehensive tobacco control policies in the two countries, and both countries are converging in their tobacco control policies, except for differences relating to the role of provinces. This is a must book for courses in public policy, comparative public policy, and the UK and South African Governments and the EU. It will also be useful for NGOs and researchers engaged in tobacco control.