Major focus of this book concentrates on the development of tourism in Central and Eastern European region investigating challenges which constrains the sustainable growth. What are the challenges impeding growth and sustainable development of tourism in this particular region? What main challenges do “transformation” process and European integration pose to tourism development? Do political factors impede the development of heritage in CEE? How does historical evolution of tourism affect the current development in the region? The overall aim of this book is to advance understanding of the challenges to tourism development in CEE region. Moreover, in order to understand the environment that ‘hosts’ barriers to development it is felt necessary to gain insight into the development trends of tourism throughout its evolution history. Political issues that affect tourism in the region from various aspects are also inside the focus of this study.