Medicinal plant contains inherent active ingredient used to cure disease or relieve pain. The use of traditional medicines and medicinal plant in most developing countries as therapeutic agent for the maintenance of good health has been widely observed. The world health organization estimated that 80% of the population of developing countries relies on traditional medicines, mostly herbal plant drugs, for their primary health care. The use of medicinal as raw materials in the production of drug is again gaining popularity. Due to side effects of synthetic products, herbal products are gaining popularity in the world market. Based on such study this book is an effort for gaining knowledge towards traditional medicines.It is also necessary to balance the equation by integrating modern knowledge with traditional knowledge. The drugs and products of the industry are working on the scientifically defined techniques and explained with modern biological and chemical definitions and tools, and that alone will give a therapeutically active herbal original drug available for health care worldwide. The book contained the broad ware about of medicinal plant Sarcostemma.