The primary objective of this book is to explore and discuss the historical, legal and constitutional role of the traditional leaders in the rural local government structure of the new South Africa. This book further demonstrates how the institution of traditional leadership was transformed by the 1996 Constitution and the subsequent relevant legislation to comply with the constitutional imperatives. Despite the existence of the constitutional framework which defines the scope and role of the traditional leaders in local government structures, there is an inevitable tension between the politically elected councillors and the traditional leaders. It seems that the new dispensation of local governance has introduced two bulls in one kraal of the rural local government. Whether the traditional leaders will be able to perform their functions in line with both the legislative and constitutional demands is a development to be seen.