This manuscript focus on an intensive case study on one of the most known indigenous conflict resolution mechanism in North East Ethiopia called the “Abegar System”. Currently researches in the area of conflict resolution have started to give much attention for alternative dispute management strategies such as Indigenous Conflict Resolution Mechanisms (ICRM). ICRMs are usually found effective in resolving violent and hidden conflicts, restoration of disputants’ relationships, preventing future revenge actions and ensuring peace and security of the local community. Although most traditional conflict resolution mechanisms are unique in nature, especially in the procedure of conflict resolution, they have also common/shared characteristics confirmed by various researches. Hence, the findings of this research can be used as an input for future researches on ICRMs.