Training efforts must aim at meeting the requirements of the organizations (long–term) and the individual employees (short-term). This involves finding answers to questions such as: Whether training is needed? If yes, where it is needed? Which training is needed? Once we identify training gaps within the organisation, it becomes easy to design an appropriate training programme. Training is essential for job success. It can lead to higher production, reduced non-conformity, greater job satisfaction, lower turnover and improved bottom line. These benefits accrue to both the trainee and the organization, if managers understand the principles behind the training process. To this end, training efforts must invariably follow certain learning-oriented guidelines.