For most of us it is hard to imagine what it must be like to wait for a new body part that comes from another person – both stranger or relative. However, the life of a potential organ recipient often is just like this, with years spent on the waiting-list, as the demand for transplantable organs increases and the supply cannot keep up with it. This creates opportunities for illegal organ trade in the black market. Organ theft and trade has become a major problem for international health policy makers, with new and shocking cases shattering the public. This book is dedicated to the discipline of transplantation medicine and organ donations, providing a detailed insight on every corresponding issue from the forms of transplantation to organizations fighting organ theft.