In spite of the fact that every living human being has experienced pain at one time or another, pain is a difficult phenomenon to define. Neuralgia is characterized by a sudden paroxysmal pain that is felt radiating down the peripheral distribution of the involved nerve. This pain is episodic, usually with periods of total remission between the painful episodes. This book is an effort to make the topic easier for better understanding of undergraduate and post-graduate students. The author has tried to include all the details and required information related to the topic. More emphasis is made on the diagnosis and management of the disease. So that the disease is diagnosed easily and earliest relief is provided to the patient.