Ufie music, the music played by ufie musical instrument, is one of the oldest and most important music types played and performed in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State of Nigeria. It is performed during important ceremonial occasions, festivals, rituals and other significant communal events. The importance of this musical genre lies in the fact that it satisfies many socio-cultural expectations and exigencies. Unfortunately, this cultural heritage faces the risk of extinction as a result of lack of interest by the younger generation who find other types of music more interesting. This lack of interest stems from contact with other cultures of the world and the consequent acculturation, and enculturation that has resulted. This research examines the origin, concepts and practice of Ufie instrument in some selected Igbo towns. This descriptive survey employed musicological tools. It provides information on ways and means of preservation and maintenance of the instrument for the well-being of the society and posterity. This will be of great benefit to the Igbo world, music educators, scholars, historians and the media practitioners.