The Book tries to capture, with research based data, how the Mahars, an untouchable community of India got mass- converted to "Neo-Budhism" under the leadership of late Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in 1956. How far social change and mobility took place and witnessed there after? How Neo-Budhism of Ambedkar took a little deviance from the Budhism? Does conversion really helped the subject under this study? Thus the book runs in a qualitative-descriptive fashion, backed by rich review of literature, facts, figures, concepts and models relevant to the subject matter of the study.