This book has primarily aimed at determining important demographic and socio-economic factors influencing unemployment in Addis Ababa. Cross sectional data were collected from 539 households through systematic multistage sampling technique in which those members of the household aged 10 years and above were eligible. The structured questionnaire and in-depth interview of key informants were used to collect the data. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses were made. The result has indicated that unemployment rate was found to be 30.01% and a considerable variation was observed between male and female. Male unemployment rate was 21.72% while that of female was 37.54%in the city. There were strong association between unemployment and sex, age, marital status, migration status, relationship with the head of the household, educational level and household income. Finally, the book calls for the city government and other private organizations for program intervention addressing the key factors that influence unemployment in the city.