The principle objective underlying this study is a modest attempt in identifying and analyzing the problems of religious minority (Muslims and Christians) in India and the role of government & statutory bodies (particularly NCM)in India and the efforts of U.N in dealing with the rights of religious minority. The book is divided into two parts, Part one contains two chapters. Chapter one examines the debates on Human Rights and the different declaration and covenants by the United Nations in protecting the Human Rights of people at globe. Chapter two evaluates the history and current status of human rights in India.Part Two focuses on the ‘Minority Rights,Chapter three locates the provisions of Minorities in India and United Nations. Chapter Four attempts to analyze the problems of India’s religious minorities (mainly Muslims and Christians). Chapter five locates the efforts of United Nations and India in defending, locating and protecting the rights of Minorities. The final chapter is a concluding remark which critically analyzes the efforts of both the India and United Nations in tackling the problems of minorities, which is remained “unresolved”.