The study examined Urbanization, Career Choice and Increasing Child Neglect in Emohua Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria. The research inquiries were sourced from the framework of 400 respondents who constituted the sample size. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse data in this study. Specifically, Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Co efficient (r) and t tests were used to test the hypotheses formulated in the study. Out of the 400 copies of questionnaire distributed in 14 wards of Emohua Local Government Area in Rivers State – Nigeria, 387 copies were retrieved and 381 copies (i.e. 95% response rate) were found useful for data analysis. The study found that to a large extent urbanization influences career choice of the respondents and that career choice has effect on child neglect. Some of the key strategies identified by the study for effective urbanization, career choice development and reduction of child neglect in rural areas include: Slowing down population increase, improving rural conditions, creation of jobs by government in rural areas, effective family planning and improving the economic sector in rural areas.