The purpose of this study was to assess the availability & utilization of audio-visual media resources in teaching Oral Literature (OL) among in Butere secondary schools, Kenya. Bruner’s theory of discovery learning guided the study.The target population comprised of principals & OL teachers. The instruments were observation checklist, interview guides administered questionnaire. The study established that most audio-visual instructional resources were unavailable in many schools. The common audio-visual instructional resources identified were; textbooks, storybooks, short forms, poems, journals, narrative collections, drums, horns, cassettes and resources persons. Those devices that were unavailable in most schools were; accruements, still pictures, pianos, slides and videos.Teachers were found to have requisite skills in utilizing the audio-visual resources but this was not the actual case in teaching and learning. The study suggests that schools should invest more in acquisition of modern audio-visual instructional media, government need to support schools in acquisition of audio-visual instructional media and teachers need to change their attitude educational media use.