The concept of social safety nets is broader than the poverty; it includes the multiple dimensions of human life. The importance of Social Safety Nets increased after economic reform, due to the economic reform socio-economic disparities increased, increasing inequalities of income and opportunities. Therefore to prevent, protect and treat and assist the poor section of the country government of India launched various schemes. The study used secondary data from IHDS, 2005 which provides information on utilisation of various social protection schemes. The study used bivariate and multivariate analysis. The ICDS utilisation index constructed to understand collective unitization of ICDS services. The study reveals the socio-economic and geographical differentials in the utilization of social safety programmes in India. It has been observed that higher caste have low utilisation of social security schemes whereas dalits, tribal and other backward caste have higher utilization but it varies from scheme to scheme. It has been observed that there are state level variations in utilisation of social safety programs in India.