Value-added agriculture has attracted considerable attention in recent years as a means to stabilize farm incomes since the traditional selling system, commodities pushing into the marketplace, largely isolated from the consumer demands and preferences and products may often be sold into a crowded market. As a result, the traditional marketing system undermines the farm income that could have gained by farm households. However, value chain promotion and concept builds on the basic premise that only the market success of farmers and are capable of providing a sustainable solution to the problem of instable farm income and productivity. Therefore, this book presents the value chain analysis of groundnut. In this book, factors influencing groundnut productivity, marketing channel choice and its effect on gross income of producers are evaluated. Moreover, groundnut value chain performances including different actors based on ILO approach are analyzed. The analysis should help the development practitioners and donors who are working in the area of agricultural value chain as well as who would like to grasp the concept of value chain in agriculture.