Under present day condition, it becomes very essential to protect the environment from further degradation, develop appropriate technologies for use in recycling various organic wastes and to harness energy thus minimizing environmental stress. Vermitechnology is a promising technique that has shown its potential in certain challenging areas like augmentation of food production, waste recycling, management of solid wastes, etc. The active component involved in the biodegradation and conversion processes during composting is the resident microbial community, among which fungi play a very important role. Large-scale composting has been shown to be an important element in sustainable waste management and could have a vital role to play in meeting the obligations of the Landfill Directive. However, very few people know much about the widespread science and practice of using earthworms to compost waste on a large-scale.