Vermicomposting is an effective method for disposal of organic wastes of different types and as a mode of better composting for sustainable urban waste disposal system. The adoption and awareness of this technique is gradually developing applications in society. This book will definitely help to understand urban aspects of vermicomposting. This book features an important aspect of vermicomposting for under graduate as well as post graduate students and researchers in Life Science disciplines. The book will also be useful to those concerned with urban waste management and preparation of vermicompost from city and industrial organic wastes. It is hoped that the students and researchers would get basic ideas in the field which may lead to develop new approaches and methodologies in the area of vermicomposting and waste management. This book includes various chapters on wide range of important aspects such as types of earthworms used worldwide, different types of organic wastes used worldwide for preparation of vermicompost, bacterial, fungal and chemical aspects of vermicomposting.