HIV/AIDS have become major public health problems in most of the resource limited countries. There is growing body of evidence that VCT has been effective for the primary prevention of HIV as well as for treatment, care and support programme. Despite the very high number of estimated people living with HIV/AIDS in resource limited countries, VCT uptake is still a challenge. This book provides an exploration of perceptions of community people, service providers and people living with HIV on VCT in resource limited settings. Although people have knowledge about HIV/AIDS and VCT, but because of their own attitudes, beliefs, misconceptions, stigma and discrimination, confidentiality and required cost, VCT uptake is low. Motivation to service providers and social support to people living with HIV will boost the VCT uptake. Research based IEC activities will increase awareness about HIV/AIDS to reduce the negative attitudes and misconceptions, fear, stigma and discrimination. This book provides an excellent opportunity to students, researchers and professionals seeking information on the perceptions towards VCT in resource limited settings.