Water Resources Management is a system that has been evolved ever since the beginning of the human history. It is essential to have a well designed and fine structured mechanism of water resources management to bring out perfect management of the precious gift of nature. Perfect management of water resources avoids scarcity and leads to development. Kanyakumari District is one of the pioneers in this regard. The district has got one of the oldest systems of Water Resources Management in the sub-continent. The system adopted in the district is a peculiar one and entirely different from other districts. This is a historical study which investigates the systematic management of available water resources, executional difficulties, praiseworthy merits and hindering challenges of the Water Resources Management in the Kanyakumari District. This book helps the reader understand basic ideas on water resources management, historical background of Kanyakumari District and management of water resources in the district through interaction of innovative interpretations with proper analysis. This is a comprehensive reference book for students and interested readers.