This book investigates the politics of separatist movement in West Papua, Indonesia’s eastern most province. What are the roots and causes of the secessionism in the West Papua? What does the government’s policies in response to the separatist’s movement during “New Order”` and the Post New Order governments? To what extent is the government’s solution—the offer of “special autonomy” status—effective? Why dialogue is needed to find constructive political solution between the government and West Papuan people? This book attempts to answer those important questions.