Wildlife is unique among natural resources that is owned by the public and administered by government. Much has been said and seen in the media about human-wildlife conflicts and evidenced by public demonstration in small scale agricultural environments. This book is a testimony of conflicts in Mbuvori sub location of Embu District, Kenya which explains the extent and types of damage caused by elephants that are the major crop pests in the area. The truth is that the perpetuated human wildlife conflicts have far reaching implications to the lives of the community. The very sad fact is that the community does not derive much benefits from revenue collected from wildlife. A major setback to the conservation and sustainable utilization of the nature resource. The study provides baseline information on impacts of elephants on crop production in the small scale farming systems in Mbuvori sub location. The information is useful to planners and policy makers for areas that are adjacent to conservation areas in designing effective methods of controlling the raiding elephants. There is need to share benefits arising from wildlife with communities.