This book examines critically how women in poverty use their labor in the production and reproduction processes against poverty and the effects of these processes on women becoming poor referring to women''s knowledge. The material foundation of women''s poverty is conceptualized as a two-way devalorization of women''s labor used in production and reproduction processes. Patriarchal, cultural and ideological structures and relationships are studied as other determinants of women''s poverty. In this framework, women''s poverty studied based on a field research conducted with women in Turkey, consisting of regular and irregular workers, housewives, married and single mothers. Household is the basic unit of analysis of women''s poverty. The scope that women''s poverty experiences are questioned are the following: Women''s labor in production process, women''s domestic labor, women participating in social life, violence against women, their perception of poverty and their place in power relations.