The present book is concerned with the theme of role of SHGs in women empowerment. After Independence, since the First Five Year Plan (1951-56), India has been taking initiatives for the development of women. But a shift from development to Empowerment of Women was taken during the VIIIth plan period (1992-97). The SHG's started playing an important role in the rural development. Constitution of India guarantees equality to women (Article 14). There are other articles too which ensure rights of women e.g. no discrimination by the state [article 15(1)] equality of opportunity (Article 16) etc. Feminist activism picked up momentum in India during later 1970’s. Later on many self help groups and NGO’s have been working for the Empowerment of women. We are proud that in India Women got voting right much before USA and some other European countries. It is hoped that this book would help to throw light on the role of SHGs in empowering women in Andhra Pradesh particularly in Anantapur district, in different dimensions such as mobility, autonomy, decision making power, freedom from domination, political and legal awareness, reproductive rights, participation in developmental activities.