In Ethiopia, and hence in Tigray regional state, the females' and female-headed households' proportion is more close to their respective male counterparts. Their contribution to the nation's cultural,economical and political development is also paramount important. Though constitutionally treated equally with their male counterparts, they are less advantage for local and informal institutions arrangements which highly contribute to their poverty. Although they play important roles in the communal area enclosure management, they are less entitled to the area enclosure produces. This book has fundamental findings on the driving factors for, and determinants, scopes and negative impacts of the female-headed households' dis-entitlements to the area enclosure produce. The book has also addressed the intra household area enclosure produce entitlement.