Several activities are being undertaken to improve the livelihood of poor households by governments and NGOs in developing countries including Ethiopia. As women constitute about half of the total population in Ethiopia, it is important to see their role in improving household food security. This book provides an assessment of the role of women’s participation in ensuring food security at household level in Ebinat woreda, Amhara Region. The book basically considered Productive Safety Net program and non-farm Income Generating Activities as major means of women's participation in ensuring food security at household level. The book shows that women are the major participants of such activities where there role is unrecognized by the local government as well as by their male counterparts. Therefore, in order to sustain the development activities, the role of women shouldn't be undermined rather government, NGOs and local authorities should build the capacity of households through short and long term training as to how women’s role should be acknowledged. By doing so, their positive roles and involvement will be maintained.